Friday, 31 January 2014

Highlights of First Month of 2014 for UNO __ Part II

Continuing from where I ended. In the previous part the UNO’s progress upon peace and security, women and children and economic development were discussed. In this part culture and education, environment and shelter, humanitarian aid and refugees, human rights and updates on crime, laws and prevention of these crimes are discussed.
In the month of January, UN agencies urged to stop killing various journalists in various countries. During this month three journalists were murdered in separate attacks that took place in Southern Philippine. 6 journalists were murdered in two attacks in Iraq and Zakir Ali was murdered in Pakistan in the region of Sindh.
Due to South Sudan unrest, several children from primary schools failed to take their final exams. This month, hundreds of students were assisted by UN to give final exams in South Sudan and complete their primary education. However, according to one UN report, 125 million children around the world could not read a single sentence even after four years of attending education which is wastage of UN grants amounting to $129 billion a year. UN urged Government to employee best teachers to achieve universal education goals.
This month UN raised to bring awareness on science of crystallography, revealing the structure of DNA, fabricating computer memories and designing new and more potent drugs. Moreover, a week before opening of Winter Olympics in Russia UN stressed upon ceasing hostilities ahead of the game.
UN put its best efforts to stem climate change and pointed two special envoys to mobilize political will and action a head of 2014 climate summit. UN declared 3rd March to be “World Wild Life Day”.  Mountainous regions are considered as the source of benefit. Hence, UN urged to derive all possible benefits to bring sustainable development.
UNEP applauded China to be the first republic to crack down the stockpiling of ivory and its illegal trade reporting six tons of ivory being destroyed by the Government. Moreover, UN encouraged enhancing green economic growth to develop low carbon economy as part of post 2015 agenda.
According to UN report the demand for new land to grow food in Brazil is increasing day by day and if this demand will continue at the current rate it will result in vital forest, savannahs and grass land lost in Brazil by 2050.
Now let’s discuss UN humanitarian aids and refugees. According to the UN report only 6% of $247 million have been funded by donors to develop rehabilitation for Car victims which will work for the next 100 days only. 900,000 people have so far been victimized in CAR. Also, UN called for reestablishment of roads in Car to allow access to food supply to the victims.
 UN further reported hindrance in rehabilitation work in Syria and Palestine by desperate rebellions. UN announced 486 million humanitarian aids for neglected crisis in 10 countries. Moreover, UN set new camps for refugees in South Sudan extending the influx in the neighboring countries like Uganda, Ethiopia and Kenya.
UN human rights and humanitarian chief took notice of the alarming situation of violence prevailing in Myanmar’s Rakhine state where 110,000 people have been uprooted in Buddhist- Muslim attacks in 18 months.   Moreover, clashes in Iraq uprooted 140,000 people in Anbar province. UNHCR reported 6000 people fled to Niger and Cameroon from North Nigeria as a result of bombing in villages leaving 2 villages in smoke.
UN delivered aid to Libyans in the form of medicine and food and urged to put an end to violence. Despite peace advancement in Congo, 3million of displaced people still need aid, as mentioned in a UN report. One milestone achieved in Somalia is that UN updated the guidelines on the rehabilitation of people fleeing from South and Central Somalia.
UN human rights experts urged Qatar to bring reforms to its justice system. Rwandan Government is encouraged by UN to uplift restrictions on freedom of peace assembly and association to move towards economic development after 1994 genocide. Furthermore, UN expressed its hopes to ensure democratic transition in Tunisia peacefully.
UN agencies are working fast this year with Government and partners to combat human trafficking, kidnapping and smuggling. UNODC reported Myanmar as Golden Triangle are for opium poppy cultivation for seventh consecutive years.
This month Security Council extended its mandate and terms of judges serving on UN tribunal set up that has been dealing with worst atrocities committed during Balkan conflicts of 1990s. UN congratulated new prime minister of Somalia and showed hopes of betterment in the country’s situation by 2014.
General Secretary congratulated UN backed Special Court for Sierra Leone for coming up with important achievements by 2013 and ensuring accountability for crimes committed during civil war. UN launched a campaign to spotlight links between organized crimes and counterfeit goods which amounted to $250 billion a year.  UNCC panel paid $1.03 billion to Government of Kuwait as a settlement of loss suffered by Kuwait due to Iraq’s invasion in 1990.

Thursday, 30 January 2014

Highlights of First Month of 2014 for UNO__ Part I

Looking forward to achieve post 2015 agenda of millennium development goals, UNO has made certain progress in the month of January. However, certain issues remained hurdle to accomplish milestones of the month. Here are the highlights of various broad and global level topic areas which remained prominent in UNO during the opening month of 2014. The part I of this article is going to high light only affairs related to peace and security, matter of women and children and global economic development.
UN encouraged signing of agreement to put an end to fights in South Sudan. Two planes chartered by UNICEF arrived at Juba, the capital city of South Sudan to provide supply of food and medicines to the women and children across the crisis stricken areas.
Philippine Government and Moro Islamic Liberation Forum (MILF) signed final security agreement for comprehensive peace accord on Island of Mindanao which is applauded by UN. Drawing further attention to this country, UN called for donors to donate $38 million to provide alternate livelihood to coconut farmers who were affected in Typhoon Haiyan.
Syrian Government permitted women and children in besieged Syrian city of Homs to leave immediately as confirmed during the negotiations that took place between Syrian officials, Joint Special Representatives of Un and Arab League held at Geneva. Before that, peace talks occurred in Switzerland on Syrian issue in which senior UN humanitarian officials joined international aid organization to call protection of Syrian children.  UN and its humanitarian partners appealed for $1 billion to save Syrian Children from becoming “lost generation” due to the civil war in Syria. In past 3 years 11,000 children have been killed and thousands of them fled from their homes. Furthermore, UN sponsored conference declared that the voice of the women would be important in resolving civil war that is tearing the country apart.
New constitution was adopted by Tunisia’s democratic transition, which was welcomed by UN Secretary General.
New transition Government was applauded by Ban ki Moon in Central African Republic (CAR). Whereas, the attacks against children in CAR were condemned by UN children agency declaring that 2 children had been beheaded and of them one is mutilated. According to one report brutality in CAR has reached unprecedented level. Youngsters are maimed, killed and beheaded and amid rampant sexual violence. UNO urged world community to use all possible tools to stop this violence. Moreover, UNO further reported that more than 6000 child soldiers are involved in Car as fighting pits community and are contributing towards sectarian conflicts in the region.  
A new legal document has been designed by UN allowing Children to register their complaints with Un committee which will be effective by April 2014. CELAC (Community of Latin American and Caribbean States) declared its 2nd Summit as: a) peace and security, b) sustainable development c) human rights.
UN showed its hopes for global economy to improve in next two years but stressed upon stronger international policy coordination specially geo-politics to ensure financial stability. The month remained fruitful for Asia Pacific as 36 Asian Pacific nations unanimously adopted a landmark declaration at UN forum of ministers in Thailand for regional and economic development. However, UN foretasted that Asian pacific regions will face slow economic growth in 2014 due to policy uncertainty, gradual recovery and protectionism in developed countries, as over the past 3 years the economy in these regions grew at the rate of less than 3%.
Due to protests in Cambodia various Garment factories were shut down. UN labor agency was called to put an end to violence and property destruction and encourage them to open the factories again. Moreover, Roit police have been deployed in Cambodia to break anti-Government labor protesting groups.
UN Secretary General Ban ki Moon and General Assembly called a bloc of developing countries known as “group of 77 and China” to work with collaboration to achieve anti-poverty targets of Millennium Development Goals by 2015.

 UN also declared that the employment is not sufficient to keep pace with the labor force. Job friendly macro-economic policies and greater labor markets and social policies are needed, as suggested by UN labor agency. UN reported FDI to raise to 11% I 2013 which is a new record after 2008 crisis, with $1.46 trillion of the lion share going to the developing countries. To control wealth disparity in the world, UNDP called for a shift to a more inclusive pattern focusing on redistribution policies and change in social norms. UN atomic watch dogs declared Iran’s nuclear program to be of peaceful nature. 

Sunday, 5 January 2014

25 Ways Of Corporate Social Responsibilty

Corporate social responsibility is an  emerging concept  in the corporate world .The concept  has transferred  from developed countries to developing countries  and under developed countries .However this concept has not fully matured  in industries of Pakistan .As we see that the industries from corporate sector  of European and American States are now doing no business without CSR ,but as in Pakistan  the concept of CSR  is more popular in among Blue chip companies. There might be various reasons behind this such as the companies having better financial health spend more on CSR as they have more cash reserves.

    The concept can also be taken as the companies who do more CSR shall have higher financial performance .This can also be interpreted as the companied who do CSR get famous among the people and people prefer to buy more of their products or avail more of their services and hence they  become financial  stronger and stronger. 
Here are 25 great ways by which companies can do CSR.

1-Welfare for Special People: This includes any welfare work for those who are mentally or physically disable. This might include education for special children, special youngsters, old age houses and day care center, health and medical facilities etc.
2-Community Development: By community development we means development of colonies for employees with facilities for their children such as schools, colleges etc along with medical complex, market for purchase of basic needs etc.
3-Sports Infrastructure: This includes sports complex construction, facility of training to youngsters for applying in national and international teams, sponsorship of players, grooming of players, funds and finances to sports industries.

4-Youth Empowerment: The youth of Pakistan is enthusiastic and energetic they only need opportunities to avail the companies can provide youth with various forums, platforms, scholarship programs and project funding scheme.
5-Conservation of natural resources: Natural resources are limited and are precious so they should not be wasted the companies can con tribute towards society by saving their resources and using them carefully.
6-Awareness campaigns: The Company may contribute towards society by raising various campaigns such as AIDS, Cancer, Thalesemia, Dengue programs, women right, children and labor right campaigns etc.
7-Health care: The companies doing CSR not only provide medical facilities to their employees but also spend part of their income for financing expensive treatment e.g. cancer, AIDs, kidney transplant, etc.
8-Recyclying: It is responsibility for every company to dump their waste, material in a proper way. More over these companies should recycle their recyclables products by following most environment friendly manner.

9-Relief campaigns: Every country faces natural disasters in one way or other sometimes they are in the form of earthquake and sometimes as tsunami, floods etc. The society responsible companies provide relief to the affective people and help the people by funds donation and other volunteer services.
10-Image of Pakistan: As we know that there are various misconception about Pakistan on international level. So the companies should put efforts to improve image of Pakistan.
11-Sectarian sector opportunities: It is responsibility of companies socially, morally and ethically to remove sectarian difference at work place and provide jobs without discrimination of sects, provinces, class, creed, social background etc.
12-Energy Conservation: The companies just like natural resources, utilize energy as per requirement and safe the energy from wastage.
13-Rural development: The companies must focus on development of rural areas by establishing schools, colleges, better residential structure, infrastructure along with improvement in means of faring, hauling etc.
14-Equal Opportunity: The companies should have equal opportunity plan of employment, which means the company should give equal opportunities to both female and make in salaries, work, leaves, promotion, parties, benefits etc.
15- Women Empowerment: The companies can play important role in empowering women in society and helping them to get rid of waani, karokari, burning, servile marriages and violence.
16- Green house: The companies should focus on enhancing greenery as by the establishment of industries the environment is getting more and more polluted. So by planting more trees, the environment can be made healthier to breathe easily. It must be obligatory for tobacco, chemical, paper, cement, petroleum etc industries for planting as much trees as they can.
17-Sponsoring NGOs: As non-profit and non-government organizations remain active and pro-active in social welfare, the companies may do CSR by sponsoring and funding programs of NGOs.
18-Charity: The companies can contribute a portion of their income for donations and charities for the welfare of mankind. They may give such donations and funds to charity finds or institutions. 
19-Wild Life: Due to toxicants of products and pollution the wild life is extincting the companies may join hands with organization that WWF to save wild life species and support them to bring up existing species with care, so that they may continue their generation.
20-Culture: The companies may do CSR by promoting culture, values, traditions, norms, customs and rituals of a country. They may promote culture by cultural promotion campaigns, arranging seminars on cultural importance, showing cultural photographs on their calendars and annual reports etc.     
21-Environment Protection: The companies may help in overall protection of the environment. The companies may set programs and schemes such as National Environment day, Cleaning Campaigns in schools and colleges and above all following environmental laws.

22-Infrastructure: Normally the factories are established in the areas away from cities. The company can do CSR by developing infrastructure in the nearby industries.
23-Education: One of the most important CSR a company can do is financing needy children for education. The companies can also take part in the establishment of schools, colleges, universities, diploma and training institutes etc. Along with this they may offer some scholarship programs for those youngsters who want to go to study abroad.
24-Employee safety: It is very important for organizations to ensure safety of employees and their first aid. In factories specially those dealing in chemicals or any manufacturing procedure it is necessary that employees should be safe.